Chao Lay Ourak Lawoi

Koh Lanta Yai Subdistrict. It is an important place for historical, cultural and natural tourism in Krabi Province. It consists of seas, islands, caves, waterfalls, mountains and forests, especially being a world-famous diving site such as Koh Hin Muang, Hin Daeng, Koh Rok and Koh Ngai. Ethnicity and religion, including Buddhists, Muslims, Chinese, and New Thais or Lei which can live together peacefully for a long time.

 

According to historical records The Urak Lawoi, or Chao Lay, were the first settlers on Koh Lanta 500 years ago, one of the maritime ethnic groups that inhabit the coasts and islands of the southern Andaman Sea. especially around Koh Lanta which is like the capital of the people of Urak Lawoi Because the ancestors of the Urak Lawoi people decided to go ashore to settle permanently on Koh Lanta. by ethnographic scholars assumed that The Urak Lawoi are a group of former sailors in the Strait of Malacca who spent most of their lives on boats. and only temporary landings were made to build shelters and cultivate crops at certain times. But when it comes to Koh Lanta This group decided to choose Koh Lanta as their permanent residence. Later, they separated to set up communities on various islands such as Koh Jum, Koh Phi Phi and Koh Phuket.

 

In the past, the Lami people strictly kept their customs. Have respect for the spirits of the ancestors and sacred nature. There is a cure for sickness and burial by using a tambourine which is the leader of the faith and various rituals, but nowadays some rituals have been absorbed and lost As new cultural influences have taken their place, however, there is one important ritual that continues to be passed down to the present day, the floating ceremony or hari pajak. which the tradition of floating It is a traditional tradition of the Urak Lawoi people that has been passed down continuously from the past to the present. At the time of the floating tradition Urak Lawoi people from various islands will gather and perform a boat float ceremony together at Koh Lanta. The Urak Lawoi people on Koh Lanta live in 3 communities, namely Saladan Community, Hua Laem Community and Sea Gypsy House. will perform a ceremony woman making sweets.

 

Later in the evening, both men and women will gather at the ancestral shrine to bring food offerings to offer sacrifices to the ancestors. to be told to join the float ceremony Then on the morning of the 14th day of the night, some men went to cut trees. to bring wood to make boats The women will sing and dance while waiting to receive the wood by the shore. After that, the procession will parade the wood to circle around the ancestral shrine to bring back to make a boat "Jak fish". Later, on the 14th day of the waxing moon, there is a boat celebration ceremony with a dance around the boat to offer to the spirits of the ancestors. with music and tambourines And there is a modern dance with shadow music accompanying the dance. The shaman's table is performed at the start of the boat feast, and there is a water splashing ceremony at midnight (Lehbaleh) and the ceremony is performed again in the early morning of the 15th lunar day and the boat is floated into the sea. In the afternoon, some men go to cut the trees and find bamboo leaves to make ghost-preventing trees for the nighttime festivities. The ritual is the same as the boat celebration in all respects. Finally, the doctor's table will perform the ritual of consecrating holy water during the bright time. to predict fate and sorrow for those who attended the ceremony then take a holy bath and dispersed to return home by bringing the anti-ghost sticks to plant around the village.

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